Share
Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin

Are you considering a future job as an engineer?

If you like maths and science, and definitely if you’re studying in a science stream, a future as an engineer must have crossed your mind before. Engineering is an option available for you to explore, but you might not be aware of what being an engineer means really. What does an engineer do? Who can become an engineer? How to become an engineer? These are all questions you’ll know the answers to by reading this article! 

Who is an Engineer ?

An engineer, quite simply put, is someone who uses their knowledge of mathematics and science to solve a variety of technical issues. Engineers are innovators who take a problem and use their given resources to create a solution for it, pushing the boundaries of human development and improving the way we live our lives everyday in ways we probably don’t even realise. 

Have you ever been grocery shopping and had your hands so full of stuff that you couldn’t pick up everything you wanted? Probably not, and you have the engineer who invented the shopping cart in the 1930s to thank for that!

An engineer includes everyone from Thomas Edison who invented the lightbulb to Elon Musk who’s currently paving the way to Mars, even Leonardo Da Vinci was considered an engineer for conceptualising the first “flying machines” that eventually became modern day helicopters. So the first step in your engineering career journey is knowing how to become an engineer. 

How to become an Engineer ?

If you’re interested in learning more about how to become an engineer, you have come to the right place. The route to becoming an engineer is fairly streamlined and the answer to how to become an engineer should be pretty clear. The most basic step by step process on how to become an engineer is:

  1. Complete your 12th in the Science Stream.
    Most colleges require a science background to admit students into engineering courses, and this foundational knowledge is fundamental to your future studies in the field.
  2. Clear entrance requirements to your dream college.
    Many universities have prerequisite exams that you must take, and clear in order to secure admissions; these may include but are not limited to JEE Main, JEE Advance, GATE, etc. To know exactly which exam you need, be sure to check your college website.
  3. Complete a Bachelor’s Degree in an Engineering Field.
    Your major will depend on the specialization you had in mind, but apart from the aforementioned specializations other courses you can consider for your undergraduate degree to become an engineer are Advanced Mathematics, Computer Science, Physics, etc. Most B.E. or B.Tech courses should help you on your journey.
  4. Intern and get Work Experience in Engineering.
    This will help you to both broaden your understanding of engineering with practical application as well as help you narrow down your focus and choose a specialization.
  5. Choose your Engineering Specialization.
    At this point in your engineering journey you must have realised what you like and don’t like, as well as where your skills really lie, so in order to go forth and get certified or do your masters you must choose which area of engineering you want to specialize in.
  6. Further Studies in Engineering.
    After choosing your specialization, now you can complete certifications or go on to do your masters to increase your chances of becoming an engineer. Many entry level engineers do start straight with a bachelor’s degree, so at this point the rest of the journey is up to you. 

Engineering Entrance Exams in India after 12th

If you are planning to pursue engineering, you must prepare yourself for the engineering entrance exams, especially to be an engineer in india. Depending on your requirements you may be wondering when is the JEE Main exam? Or What are the JEE Exam dates? This table below should help you to become an engineer in India 2022. 

JEE Exam Dates 2022

Engineering Entrance ExamUpcoming Exam Date 2022
Joint Entrance Examination Main (JEE Main)February 2022
Joint Entrance Examination Main (JEE Main)March 2022
Joint Entrance Examination Main (JEE Main)April 2022
Joint Entrance Examination Main (JEE Main)May 2022
Joint Entrance Examination Advanced (JEE Advanced)July 2022

State Engineering Entrance Exam Dates 2022

StateEngineering Entrance ExamUpcoming Exam Date 2022
Andhra PradeshAP EAPCET
(Andhra Pradesh Engineering, Agriculture and Pharmacy Common Entrance Test)
July 2022
AUEET
(Andhra University Engineering Entrance Test)
June 2022
KarnatakaCOMEDK
(Consortium of Medical, Engineering and Dental Colleges of Karnataka)
June/July 2022
KCET
(Karnataka Common Entrance Test)
June/July 2022
KeralaCUSAT CAT
(Cochin University of Science & Technology Common Admission Test)
July 2022
KEAM
(Kerala Engineering Architecture Medical Examination)
June 2022
OdishaKIITEE
(Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology Entrance Examination)
July 2022
OJEE
(Odisha Joint Entrance Examination)
May/June 2022
West BengalWBJEE
(West Bengal Joint Entrance Examination)
23 April 2022
MaharashtraMHTCET
(Maharashtra Common Entrance Test)
June/July 2022

Entrance Exams for Universities abroad after 12th

Unlike engineering in India, there generally are no standardised engineering entrance exams to study abroad after the 12th, there is no JEE equivalent for US, UK and Canadian universities. However, there are some entrance exams you may be required to take to secure admission for any course abroad after the 12th including:

Entrance Exams for Foreign Universities Subject Tested
SATGeneral- Reading, Writing, Maths
TOEFLEnglish Proficiency 
IELTSEnglish Proficiency 
GREGeneral Aptitude 
GMATBusiness Management 
MCATMedicine
LSATLaw

Types of Engineers 

Engineering is a lot more than just a scary future job title for class toppers, it comes in a variety of fields with a range including everything from music and sport to chemicals and infrastructure, the sky’s the limit for become an engineer (or even above that if you’re interested in aeronautical engineering!) 

There are many different types of engineers, and you have to know the right path for you to know how to become an engineer. Here is a list of the types of engineers categorised into branches of engineering based on specialisation, most typical engineering careers fit into at least one of these categories:

Chemical Engineer

What is a Chemical Engineer? 

A chemical engineer focuses on finding solutions to problems arising from the use or production of chemicals. Innovating everything from manufacturing processes and equipment to creating new chemical products and treating by-products, chemical engineers are at the forefront of the manufacturing industry.  

How to Become a Chemical Engineer?

There are some prerequisites to starting your career in chemical engineering. These are the key qualifications employers look for in an entry level chemical engineer position to decide the eligibility for a chemical engineering role:

  • Graduate from class 12 in a science stream.
  • Clear any entrance exams like JEE, GATE, etc. that may be needed for undergraduate admissions.
  • Get a Bachelor’s (B.E. or B.Tech) in Chemical Engineering
  • Undertake an internship in Chemical Engineering 
  • Choose your specialisation within the field
  • Complete any certification exams needed like FE, PE, etc. 

Civil Engineer

What is a Civil Engineer? 

Civil engineers deal with all aspects of infrastructure, like buildings, bridges, roads and utilities like water supply and city planning. They act both as innovators and the ‘bridge’ between their ideas and the governing bodies and public. Civil engineers are responsible not only for ideating but also for making sure these ideas are realistic and fit within budgets, laws, timeframes and other environmental factors. 

How to Become a Civil Engineer?

There are some prerequisites to starting your career in civil engineering. These are the key qualifications employers look for in an entry level civil engineer position to decide the eligibility for a civil engineering role:

  • Graduate from class 12 in a science stream.
  • Clear any entrance exams like JEE, GATE, etc. that may be needed for undergraduate admissions.
  • Get a Bachelor’s (B.E. or B.Tech)) in Chemical Engineering
  • Undertake an internship in Chemical Engineering 
  • Choose your specialisation within the field
  • Complete any certification exams needed like FE, CE, EIT etc. 

Electrical Engineer

What is an Electrical Engineer? 

Electrical engineers are at the forefront of technological developments. Everything from solar panels to Tesla’s self-driving cars are a product of electrical engineering. As an electrical engineer you would design, develop, test and maintain electrical systems and tools for the same.

How to Become an Electrical Engineer?

There are some prerequisites to starting your career in electrical engineering. These are the key qualifications employers look for in an entry level electrical engineer position to decide the eligibility for an electrical engineering role:

  • Graduate from class 12 in a science stream.
  • Clear any entrance exams like JEE, GATE, etc. that may be needed for undergraduate admissions.
  • Get a Bachelor’s (B.E. or B.Tech)) in Electrical Engineering
  • Undertake an internship in Electrical Engineering 
  • Choose your specialisation within the field
  • Complete any certification exams needed like FE, CE, etc. 

Clever Harvey Tip: If Electrical Engineering appeals to you, but you’re not yet sure on your ability in the field, check out the Clever Harvey JuniorMBA in Technology! It’s a great way to get exposure to the tech industry as you can simulate a college learning environment and complete real company projects in tech as well. This could not only help give you some career clarity but could also give you the competitive edge by becoming industry certified. 

Industrial Engineer

What is an Industrial Engineer? 

Industrial engineering is different from the other subcategories in that it is more process focused than product focused. Industrial engineers work to optimise working systems and make them more efficient- dealing with everything from people management to optimal technology use to benefit a business. SImply put, your goal as an industrial engineer is to reduce wanted time, money and effort and increase efficiency, quality and output.

How to Become an Industrial Engineer?

There are some prerequisites to starting your career in industrial engineering. These are the key qualifications employers look for in an entry level industrial engineer position to decide the eligibility for an industrial engineering role:

  • Graduate from class 12 in a science stream.
  • Clear any entrance exams like JEE, GATE, etc. that may be needed for undergraduate admissions.
  • Get a Bachelor’s (B.E. or B.Tech) in a field relevant to Industrial Engineering like programming, statistics, etc. 
  • Undertake an internship in Industrial Engineering 
  • Choose your specialisation within the field
  • Complete any certification exams needed like CIE, IECB, etc. 

Mechanical Engineer

What is a Mechanical Engineer? 

Mechanical engineers are true innovators, who focus on the design and conceptualization of new and improved mechanical systems and products. As a mechanical engineer the only limitation is your imagination and you can design anything from the best kitchen knife to a complex hypothermic power system. They conduct a lot of research and development and spend more time in an office setting than in the field like the other types of become an engineers.  

How to Become a Mechanical Engineer?

There are some prerequisites to starting your career in mechanical engineering. These are the key qualifications employers look for in an entry level mechanical engineer position to decide the eligibility for a mechanical engineering role:

  • Graduate from class 12 in a science stream.
  • Clear any entrance exams like JEE, GATE, etc. that may be needed for undergraduate admissions.
  • Get a Bachelor’s (B.E. or B.Tech) in Mechanical  Engineering
  • Undertake an internship in Mechanical Engineering 
  • Choose your specialisation within the field
  • Complete any certification exams needed like EPA, EIT, etc. 

Clever Harvey Tip: If you find this idea of mechanical engineering to be interesting, you should check out the Clever Harvey JuniorMBA in strategy. As a science student you might not get enough exposure to business environments, and how can you improve the business process when you are not experienced in it? In 25 hours you can learn the fundamentals of business, and work on a real industry project for Samsonite. This experience could prove invaluable when you’re applying for engineering colleges in India or abroad as it’ll show recruiters you have explored the field well and have even been industry certified as a teen! 

Top Engineering Colleges in India

India has the largest number of engineers in the world, producing over 1 million engineering graduates every year according to the AICTE, so its safe to assume that some of the top engineering colleges in the world are in india. Every year the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) announces the NIRF rankings of 2021, and this table will list the 30 top engineering colleges in India according to that ranking. 

These top engineering colleges in India have been ranked on the basis of many factors including courses offered, placement figures, intake, facilities available and more. 

NIRF RankingScoreTop Engineering College
190.19Indian Institute of Technology Madras
288.96Indian Institute of Technology Delhi
385.16Indian Institute of Technology Bombay
483.22Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur
582.03Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur
678.08Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee
773.84Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati
868.69Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad
966.08National Institute of Technology Tiruchirappalli
1064.19National Institute of Technology Karnataka
1164.07Indian Institute of Technology (Indian School of Mines)
1263.68Vellore Institute of Technology
1362.56Indian Institute of Technology Indore
1462.10Indian Institute of Technology Varanasi (Banaras Hindu University) 
1560.31Institute of Chemical Technology
1659.67Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham
1759.19Jadavpur University
1858.31Anna University
1958.09Indian Institute of Technology Ropar
2058.02National Institute of Technology Rourkela
2157.38Indian Institute of Technology Patna
2256.86Indian Institute of Technology Gandhinagar
2356.76National Institute of Technology Warangal
2456.76Thapar Institute of Engineering and Technology
2556.48National Institute of Technology Calicut

Top Engineering Colleges abroad

Similar to the best Indian colleges for engineering, there are ranking systems for the top engineering colleges abroad as well. The following list follows the QS rankings and are ranked based on a multitude of factors ranging from academic reputation to employability probability and more. 

QS RankingScoreTop Engineering College AbroadLocation
198.1Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)United States
296.3Stanford UniversityUnited States
394.1University of CambridgeUnited Kingdom
494ETH Zurich – Swiss Federal Institute of TechnologySwitzerland
593.5University of California, Berkeley (UCB)United States
693.2University of OxfordUnited Kingdom
792.9Imperial College LondonUnited Kingdom
892Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU)Singapore
991.7Tsinghua UniversityChina
1091.6National University of Singapore (NUS)Singapore
1191.4EPFLSwitzerland
1290.9Harvard UniversityUnited States
1389.7Georgia Institute of TechnologyUnited States
1488.9California Institute of Technology (Caltech)United States
1588.5Delft University of TechnologyNetherlands
1688.1KAIST – Korea Advanced Institute of Science & TechnologySouth Korea
1787.3Carnegie Mellon UniversityUnited States
1887The Hong Kong University of Science and TechnologyHong Kong
1986.4University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA)United States
2086.3Politecnico di MilanoItaly

What to expect as an Engineer ?

No two engineers are alike, although they may study the same things, their ideas, innovations and jobs may be completely different down the line. A career in engineering is what you make of it, and there is no limit to what you can achieve to become an engineer. 

The best way to get a feel for a career as an engineer is by getting industry exposure through work experience, internships and fellowships. 

Nature of work as an Engineer

As mentioned above, the nature of work as an engineer varies largely based on the specialisation you choose.  A career in engineering could mean anything from inventing the next iPhone and becoming the next Steve Jobs, to revolutionizing the working process like Henry Ford. 

Simply put, the nature of work as an engineer can be whatever you’d like it to be, for example if you pursue a job as a mechanical engineer you may spend your time ideating in an office and if you choose chemical engineering you might find yourself spending a lot of time in laboratories doing research and development. 

Salary of a Fresher as an Engineer Branch Wise

The salary of an entry level engineer in India varies according to the specialization you choose and how much you choose to study and work before entering the workforce. On average an entry level engineer in India earns ₹2,79,294 per year. Here’s a branch wise average salary of a fresher as an engineer in India, if you’re wondering how much is to become an engineer makes in a year.

Type of EngineerAverage Entry Level Salary per year in India
Civil Engineer₹2,69,444
Mechanical Engineer₹2,30,636
Chemical Engineer₹2,40,605
Electrical Engineer₹2,56,303
Industrial Engineer₹2,81,919
Aeronautical Engineer₹3,13,898
Software Engineer₹2,69,444
Bio Engineer₹2,23,594
Structural Engineer₹3,04,700
Audio Engineer₹3,73,637
Robotics Engineer₹2,15,186

*These are just average salaries based on crowdsourced information from an employment agency. These figures may vary depending on your location, level and the company. 

Opportunities as an Engineer 

Engineering is a career path that is continuously evolving and adapting, so if you are able to prove your ability there’s a wide range of opportunities available to you. The growth opportunities as an engineer are immense, and with the right drive you can find great success in the field of engineering. 

Opportunities for work

Engineering is a highly sought after career in the job market. Many companies, both in India and internationally have graduate programs for engineering students. There is a lot of potential for professional growth and development as engineers have applications in almost every industry. There is a constant demand for engineers to improve business processes, equipment and efficiency, so if you pursue an engineering career your probability of success is relatively high. In fact, of all engineering graduates each year in India approximately 70% are able to secure opportunities for work after college especially through internships and fellowship programs. 

How can I start preparing myself to become an engineer as a teen?

As you must have realised from this article, engineers are at their core innovative problem solvers, so aside from the typical given answers like do a science stream, complete the JEE etc. you should focus on trying to hone these critical skills. Both studying engineering at college and working as an engineer later on in life will require you to exercise these qualities so starting work on having them sooner than later will benefit you greatly. 

Clever Harvey’s JuniorMBA is a great way to develop critical thinking, analysis and ideation skills as a teen. The 25 hour course comes in a variety of fields including technology, strategy and marketing and can help you build your confidence in the subject as well as get you industry certified and boost your CV for college and job applications.

FAQs related to how to become an Engineer

Is Chemical Engineering the right career for me?

If you enjoy chemistry, physics and mathematics in school, chemical engineering could be a good route for your future career as a degree in the field is heavy on these subjects.

It is often regarded as the “broadest branch of engineering” because it’s subject combination includes chemistry, while most other categories only have variants of maths and physics. 

Is Industrial Engineering the right career for me?

If you are a people-person and are interested and want to become an engineer, industrial engineering might be the right choice for you. It has a broad range of applications in multiple industries and so can be specialized to suit your specific interests further.

Are you the friend with the best notes, or the student who always becomes the leader of a group project? This may indicate you have what it takes to be an industrial engineer. 

Is Electrical  Engineering the right career for me?

Have you ever looked at your phone wondering exactly how such a small device could do so much? If you find yourself intrigued to learn about technology, electrical engineering is a great field to explore your interests and make a successful career out of.

Is Civil Engineering the right career for me?

Civil engineering is a field with a focus in multiple disciplines. In addition to typical engineering subjects like Mathematics and physics, civil engineering requires you to have a knowledge of economics and business due to it’s highly involved nature.

So if you are interested in both science and commerce as fields, civil engineering could be the career for you.

How many years to become an engineer in India?

5 years is the basic average level of study required to become an entry level engineer in India. Engineering courses typically run 3 years for a diploma and 4 for a B.Tech & then you can undergo more training, internships and certifications for your specialization. 

Categories

Recent Blogs

Share on facebook
Facebook
Share on twitter
Twitter
Share on linkedin
LinkedIn
Share on pinterest
Pinterest

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

How To Page