How to become a Forensic Expert

How to become a Forensic Expert
[source] How to become a Forensic Expert?

When was the last time you watched a detective film or television show? Are you able to conjure up a mental image of the crime scene? A damaged apartment, blood stains, numerous Police agents chatting or touching evidence, and a few people from the forensic department, sounds familiar? 

What if I told you this is not how a crime scene looks? Many individuals learn about forensic science through popular cultures, such as crime fiction or detective films. These forms of media are to entertain, and they frequently misrepresent numerous systems and processes. Being a forensic expert demands high-level precision and caution when gathering evidence or examining a crime scene.

In this blog we will give you a glimpse into how to become a Forensic Expert, the education qualification and recommended colleges in India and abroad. The blog also contains details of job preparation, top recruiters and salary insights.

Who is a Forensic Expert?

Who is a Forensic Expert?
[source] Who is a Forensic Expert?

Forensic experts, have a crucial job of examining and analyzing physical proof found on the victim or the area of crime to determine the cause of the event. The nature of the work of a forensic expert is based on their area of specialisation or job profile.

Learn more: How to become a Cyber Forensics Expert

How to Become a Forensic Expert [Step by Step Guide]

People with great communication skills and the capacity to notice even the smallest details are ideal candidates for this career. A forensic scientist or expert in forensic science must be proficient in interpreting scientific evidence and data.

How to become a Forensic Expert?
[source] How to become a Forensic Expert?

Step 1: Stream to select 

There are numerous types of forensic expert courses available to all candidates, allowing them to follow the job of their choice. A minimum of 12th Science is required to apply for Graduation in Forensic Science. 

Step 2: Certification Courses & Project Courses 

Most of the certificate courses related to Forensic Science require minimum eligibility of Grade 12th. However, it is recommended to pursue these courses during or after undergraduate as they will complement your specialization or upskill.

Course NameOffered by
Introduction to Forensic ScienceNanyang Technological University (NTU Singapore) (Coursera)
Challenging Forensic Science: How Science Should Speak to CourtUniversity of Lausanne (Coursera)
Digital Forensics The Open University, UK
Certificate in Crime Scene Investigation by University of Colorado DenverDowntown Denver Campus
Forensic accounting and fraud examinationWest Virginia University
Cyber Forensics and cyber lawIFS, India
Certification (Expert/Gold) in Forensic Sciences and Criminology IFS Education Dept. (International Forensic Science Institute)
Forensic Science: Crime Scene Investigation (CSI), Post-Baccalaureate Certificate American Public University System
Introduction of Forensic Science Services & Police OrganisationSwayam
Certificate Course in Forensic PhotographyStarex University

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Step 3: Educational Qualifications

Most of the Forensic courses demand a minimum of 55% in 12th Grade as qualifying criteria. One can apply for Diploma course or an undergraduate course after the successful completion of the 12th grade. 

Qualification required to be a Forensic Expert
[source] Qualification required to be a Forensic Expert

In order to be a Forensic Expert you will have to apply for a Masters’s degree or a doctoral program with relevant in-field experience. 

How to become a Forensic Expert after 12th

The eligibility criteria for Diploma or undergraduate course in Forensic Science is as follows:

  1. Minimum of 55% in 10 + 2 Grade from a recognized board and institution. 
  2. 10 + 2 Grade background in Science stream 
  3. University-specific entrance exam 

How to become a Forensic Expert In India 

Though the courses demand a high level of rigor it is one of the most precision requiring professions.  One will have to have a good academic background and be highly adaptable to work under different circumstances. 

Based on your specialization you will be required to have a good knowledge of technology and forensic tools. You can check out the Clever Harvey Junior MBA course on Technology for an early introduction to the world of Tech.

Diploma courses to become Forensic Expert in India 

The Diploma courses are for 12 to 18 months with the course fee estimated to be between 15,000INR to 40,000 INR. Here are a few Diploma courses you can try in India:

Sr. No.Name of courseDuration 
1. Diploma in Forensic Science1 year
2. Diploma in Document Examination1 year
3. Fundamentals of forensic science1 year
4.Basic principles of criminology and criminal psychology1 year
5.Computer forensics and its principals1 year

UG courses for Forensic Expert in India 

The UG course for Forensics are estimated to be for 3-4 years. Few of the entrance exams one has to appear in are CG PAT, IISER IAT, OUAT, GSAT, BHU UET, NEST, JET, SUAT, LPUNEST, etc. 

The papers offered are – Basics of chemistry, Crime scene analysis, criminal behavior, toxicology, Criminal Procedure and Evidence, Crime Victim Studies, Constitutional Issues in Criminal Procedures, Fingerprint Analysis, criminology, anthropology, etc.

Here are a few popular bachelor’s programs offered in India:

Sr. No.Name of the courseDuration
1. B.Sc Forensic Science3 years
2.B.Sc (Hons) Forensic Science3 years
3.B.Com Forensic Accounting3 years
4.Bachelor of Accident Forensics3 years
5.Bachelor’s in Criminal Justice3 years

Top colleges in India

Below are the list of top colleges where one can apply for the above-mentioned courses:

Name of InstitutionLocation
St. Xavier’s College (University of Mumbai)Mumbai
Indraprastha University (GGSIPU)New Delhi
Dr. Hari Singh Gour UniversitySagar
Institute of Forensic Science & Criminology (Panjab University),Chandigarh
Amity UniversityNoida
Jain UniversityBangalore
FS Indian Education DepartmentPune
Lady Hardinge Medical CollegeNew Delhi
All India Institute of Medical SciencesNew Delhi
Department of Forensic Sciences (Dr. B.R. Ambedkar University)Agra
Institute of Forensic ScienceMumbai
Institute of Forensic Sciences (Gujarat Forensic Sciences University)Gandhi Nagar
Centre for Cyber Forensics and Information Security (University of Madras)Chennai
The West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences – [NUJS]Kolkata
Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Narayan National Institute of Criminology & Forensic Science (LNJN NICFS)New Delhi

Read more: How to become a Forensic Pathologist

How to become a Forensic Expert Abroad 

The eligibility for Forensic Science Courses abroad are:

  1. Minimum 60% 10+2 with PCB subjects from a recognized board.
  2. A qualifying score in English language proficiency exams like,
    1.  IELTS – minimum 6.5 score.
    2. TOEFL – minimum 61 score 
    3. PTE – minimum 50 score
  3. Entrance application, Statement of Purpose (SOP), Letter of recommendation (LOR)

UG courses for Forensic Expert Abroad 

Here are a few UG courses on Forensic Science:

Sr. no. Name of the courseDuration
1.BSc Hons in Forensic Science3 years
2.Bachelor of Science in Forensic Science3 years
3.Computational Forensics, BS3 years
4.BS in Forensic and Investigative Sciences3 years
5.Forensic Studies and Justice B.S.3 years

Top colleges abroad

One can apply for the above-mentioned courses at the following universities:

Name of the InstitutionLocation
University of TorontoToronto, Canada
The University of British ColumbiaVancouver, Canada
Teesside UniversityMiddlesbrough, UK
Arizona State UniversityTempe, USA
Coventry UniversityCoventry, UK
University of South FloridaTampa, USA
Northumbria UniversityNewcastle upon Tyne, UK
University of West LondonLondon, UK
The University of BradfordBradford, UK
The University of Illinois at ChicagoChicago

Step 4: Job Prep required to become a Forensic Expert

  1. Internships: 

One can start applying for internships during the undergraduate program or after diploma completion. On average internships last for 3-6 months. It is a good opportunity to get in-field exposure and improve your technical skills. 

  1. Portfolio creation: 

Your portfolio should include your observations from projects or journals of observation, internship details, case studies, certifications, etc.  

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  1. Freelance: Depending on your role, you can opt to be a freelance forensic expert. Due to the nature of the profession and high confidentiality requirements, many forensic experts choose to work in than freelance. 

Skills to become a Forensic Expert

  • Interpersonal Skills
    • Reasoning skills 
    • Written and communication skills
    • Attention to detail.
    • Adaptability 
    • Collaboration
    • Meticulous and patience
    • Confident judgment
    • Evaluation skills
  • Technical Skills:
    • Microscopic analysis
    • Chemical knowledge
    • Biological techniques.
    • Documenting and reporting 
    • Classifying skills

Salary for a Forensic Expert

The pay scale of a forensic Expert varies from one specialist to another. Furthermore, the salary might differ based on place , field, organization, and experience.

Salary abroad for a Forensic Expert

CountryUS(in dollars)UK(in pounds)Germany(in euros)Singapore(in Singapore dollar)Japan
Avg. annual salary$62,060£25,000 and £35,00036,720 EUR$74072JPY 6,755,850

Top recruiters in India

  1. Intelligence Bureau (IB)
  2. Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI)
  3. Central Govt. Forensic Sciences Labs
  4. Quality Control Bureau
  5. Defense/Army
  6. Police Department
  7. Private Detective Agencies
  8. Hospitals
  9. Law Firms
  10. Universities

Top recruiters abroad for Digital Forensic Experts

Name of agencyLocation
4N6 Italy
Baltic Computer Systems ASEstonia
ForenTec Switzerland
Future StandardsBulgaria
INsig2 Croatia
mh Service Germany
Ondata InternationalSpain
OnRetrieval Spain
RedShift Portugal
Schippers ITNetherlands


A Forensic Expert uses a high level of precision and caution when gathering evidence or examining a crime scene. Thus, it is a profession that demands a skilled person with an eye for detail and analytical skills.

You can use your intelligence to bring people to justice and improve safety. It is a field that is ever-evolving and important to society. In the past few years, there has been a 16% increase in job opportunities for Forensic Experts. 

Fast growing Tech jobs

FAQs about how to become a Forensic Expert

How do I become a CBI forensic expert?

A CBI Forensic Expert is expected to have a Masters’s degree in forensic Science with relevant experience of 8+ years. Apply at CENTRAL FORENSIC SCIENCE LAB, Delhi

How much does a forensic expert earn in India?

The salary of a forensic expert differs based on position and experience, an average of 8.2 lakhs p.a is earned by forensic experts in India.

How to become a Forensic Expert after 12th?

After class 12th one can apply for a Bachelor in Forensic Science and apply for an assistant level job position after completion.

What is digital forensics?

Digital forensics is a branch of forensic science that focuses on discovering, acquiring, processing, interpreting, and reporting electronically stored data.

Who are the recruiters for Forensic Experts?

Intelligence Bureau (IB), Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI), Central Govt. Forensic Sciences Labs, etc are a few of the recruiters. 

Which agency should I apply for a Forensic Expert position?

Intelligence Bureau (IB), Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI), hospital, law agency, etc

Is forensic science a risky field?

The job of a forensic expert requires a high level of precision and care. It may be a difficult job for people who have to deal with injuries and  specimens. 

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Ever watched a crime fiction and wished to be one of those intelligent Forensic Experts? Let's have a look at what it takes to become a Forensic Expert, the best colleges and recruiters in India and abroad, and salary insight.

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