Do you wish to research the weather and climate of the planet in order to learn how they impact life here and vice versa? Do you want to make a weather forecast? This blog is a detailed guide on the career as a meteorologist, what they do, different paths you can take to become a Meteorologist and different job opportunities as a Meteorologist.

What does a Meteorologist Do?

The nature of their job is to predict the weather, meteorologists research the earth’s atmosphere, focusing on climate and weather.

  • Capturing and analyzing data from satellites, radars, remote sensors, and weather stations around the world while interpreting observations from the land, sea, and upper atmosphere.
  • providing weather reports and forecasts to clients (such as civil aviation companies, broadcast organizations, and military units), using mathematical and physical formulas and computer modelling tools to aid in long- and short-range weather forecasting.
  • improving weather prediction models by studying and predicting climate change keeping abreast of pertinent scientific and technological developments while writing research papers, reports, reviews, and summaries.

Job Roles 

  • Operational Meteorologists: investigate wind speed, direction, temperature, humidity, and air pressure.
  • Forensic Meteorologists: research weather or past weather for a court of law, and gather evidence for insurance companies.
  • Climatologists: In order to forecast future climate trends, look at long-term weather data and patterns from hundreds of years ago.
  • Broadcast Meteorologists: For television and radio, interpret the weather and weather conditions.
  • Research Meteorologists: generally serve in the military, NASA, or the National Weather Service, among other government agencies.
  • Environmental Meteorologists: investigate and document methods to lessen air pollution, as well as contribute to research on global warming and ozone depletion.
  • Atmospheric Meteorologist: To determine whether or not they have an effect on the environment and to comprehend trends in global warming, pollution, and other issues, one should assess the physical properties and motions of the atmosphere.

Career path for becoming a Meteorologist

Path 1

  • Finish 12th grade with a Science Stream in PCM and prepare for JEE to get into B.Tech.
  • enrol in a 4-year B.Tech. in atmospheric sciences or meteorology.
  • Complete your Masters’s in the same after cracking Gate Exam. 

Path 2

  • 12th grade with a Science Stream and opting PCM.
  • enrol in a 3-year BSc in meteorology.
  • Finish the MSc in Meteorology programme or you may pursue some of the courses mentioned in the blog to upskill yourself.

Salary of Meteorologists in different stages of careers 

A meteorologist’s pay differs based on various job profiles.

Profile Salary 
Broadcast Meteorologist$51117
Operational Meteorologist$78,256
Research Meteorologist $74,754 
Chief Meteorologist$96,634

Skills required to be a Meteorologist 

  • Aptitude in Technology: Meteorological work is technology, whether it is done behind the scenes or right in front of the camera. Radar and other high-tech equipment feed the computers with information. For each of these reasons, being tech savvy is a prerequisite for success in meteorology.
  • Analytical: To perform your duties as a meteorologist, you must have the ability to evaluate and quantify data related to the climate and weather. You also need to have a rational viewpoint and the ability to analyse results.
  • Quick Thinking: commonly disregarded skill necessary for meteorology is the ability to think and adapt quickly, as weather reports are broadcast in real-time, which alone calls for constant quick thinking.
  • Communication Skills: Numerous people receive forecasts from meteorologists. This implies that it’s crucial to have professional and effective communication skills, which include being able to translate complex matters into language that the general public can comprehend.

In conclusion, having technical aptitude, interpersonal skills, and a few other skills are necessary for a successful career in this field. 

Is Meteorologist a Good Career Option?

There is a high demand for meteorologists across a wide range of government sectors, such as those involved in mining, weather forecasting, and space and defence research and development. They spend a lot of time every day studying weather patterns to inform the public about what is likely to happen in the near future. You can storm chase every spring to see twisters. Prerequisites include a love of the weather and a curiosity about how nature works.  

Type of Industries Hiring Meteorologists

  • Research Institutes 
  • News Channels
  • Environment Agencies 
  • Armed Forces 
  • Airline Forecasting
  • Universities 
  • Broadcasters
  • Government organizations

Top Recruiter for Meteorologist 

  1. Indian Space Research Organisation 
  2. NASA
  3. Weather Consulting Organisation
  4. Defense Research and Development Organisation 
  5. Navy 
  6. Air Force
  7. Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology 
  8. Agricultural Planning Divisions 
  9. World Metrological Organization
  10. National Aerospace Laboratory
  11. Council for Scientific and Industrial Research
  12. Indian Meteorology Department 
  13. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
  14. Canadian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society 
  15. Australian Bureau of Meteorology

Courses to Upskill as a Meteorologist 

  • Accredited Consultant Meteorologist 
  • Data Science 
  • Certified Broadcast Meteorologist
  • Computer Applications 
  • Hydrometeorology Basic Course 
  • Professional Meteorologist 

    Consider trying the JuniorMBA Technology program to further complement your skills.

Qualification to become a Meteorologist

Degrees in India 

Undergraudate in India 

Your admission to a B.Tech programme is based on your JEE scores. You can pursue a B.Sc. in Meteorology if biology was your high school subject of study. Before continuing on to a B.Tech in Atmospheric Sciences, you can also pursue a Diploma in Meteorology.

  • B.Tech in Atmospheric Sciences
  • BSc in Meteorology
  • BSc in Geology 
  • BSc in Hydrometeorology

Postgraduate in India 

  • MSc in Meteorology 
  • MSc in Hydrometeorology 
  • M.Tech in Atmospheric Sciences 

Degrees Abroad

You take into consideration undergraduate degrees in atmospheric science, geophysics, and meteorology, as well as associative degrees in geographic meteorology, meteorology, and aviation meteorology. Postgraduate degree in a field related to meteorology. 

Do you wish to raise the likelihood that you will be accepted abroad? Enrol in the  Clever Harvey JuniorMBA course to add a real-world project to your student resume.

If you want to enrol in foreign universities, you should start by studying for the TOEFL, IELTS, and SAT exams. To find out more about how to take the SAT, go to this blog.

I want to know More! 


  • Isaac’s Storm by Erik Larson
  • Rain by Melissa Harrison
  • Snowball Earth by Gabrielle Walker
  • The secret world of weather by T.Gooley
  • A Cloud a Day by Gavin Pretor Pinney

Famous Personalities 

  •  Nancy Colleton
  •  Paul Walsh
  • Dr Marshall Shepherd
  •  Eric Blake
  •  Michael Lowry
  • Jim Cantore

Anyone with a solid understanding of meteorology and the ability to apply it to atmospheric research or applied meteorology today has access to a wide range of rewarding career opportunities. Best wishes on pursuing a career in Meteorology. 


What do meteorologists do everyday?

Weather and climate are studied and forecasted by meteorologists. They observe the effects of weather and climate on people, animals, and plants as well as the interactions between the weather and other ecological changes.

What are 3 things that meteorologists do?

Meteorologists conduct research and act as observers. They observe the atmospheric conditions above them and examine maps, satellite data, and radar data. Various types of weather information from local, regional, and international sources are also compared.

Where do most meteorologists work?

In the military, federal and state governments, the business world and academia, there are meteorologists. Today’s employers require more than just a standard meteorological curriculum.

What are some examples of meteorology?

Among meteorological events, a hurricane or tornado come to mind. But meteorology also examines minute occurrences like the exchange of gases between plants and the atmosphere.

Is meteorology a good career?

There is a high demand for meteorologists across a wide range of government sectors, such as those involved in mining, weather forecasting, and space and defence research and development.

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